Open Africa Power 2019
Name: Marilyn Bongmo Jaff
Bio/Personal Statement: I am 29 years old, a Rural Engineer by profession working for the Ministry of Water resources and Energy, Cameroon. My strong educational background which is a purely scientific and theoretical background and the practicality of engineering sciences (with particular study of Renewable Energy) are my driving force towards contributing to the attainment of SDG7 by 2030. I was privileged to be selected as one of the 60 participants of Open Africa Power 2019 by ENEL Foundation. My motto in life is “Do everything as if it was your last, for a better world”.
Title of Capstone Project: Electrification and solar mapping of the NDOP rice basin: a new phase for the NDOP rice milling sector and the locales at large for an emerging Cameroon
Abstract: Electric power is a key driver of economic growth and prosperity, but this is still very low in SSA especially in the rural areas. Amongst the under-served localities in electricity in Cameroon are the villages of Bafanji, Balikumbat and Bangola (in the North West region), and Bangourain (in the West Region) which are high rice production hubs for both local consumption and export. Strengthening rural infrastructure such as electricity for rice milling and rice processing facilities could render Cameroon a rice granary for Central Africa.
With the already unbundled electricity generation sector in Cameroon, and with several private investors already implementing power generation projects in several parts of the country, implementing an off-grid model to serve the local population of the Ndop Rice Basin especially for the operation of their rice mills will be an uncomplicated task as the regulations governing this sector had been reformed (in 2011) to favor private investment in electricity generation and distribution. Solar irradiation in Cameroon is estimated at an annual average of 4.9 KWh/m2/day, thus solar energy can be exploited as the reliable and affordable energy source to power the rice mills and serve other household and productive uses of the locales in the Ndop Rice Basin. Most of the milling machines used by rice millers have low power ratings mostly horse power (HP) from 20HP to 30HP, yet fully utilizing them is not possible due to power outages and high cost of electricity.
The research seeks to propose an alternative power supply to the local communities involved with rice production and processing, so as to render this productive-use activity more profitable for the people, and as well improve on their household and community power uses. It also proposes a means towards solar data collection to aid in the future development of a decision, working and sustainability tool (through the development of the Ndop Rice Basin Energy ATLAS) for all stakeholders of the energy sector in the project area and the country at large.
The methodology to be used will involve; desktop review and assessment of the solar radiation data available for the Ndop rice Basin, community sensitization and engagement, identification and assessment of the size of the fields to be used, selection of solar PV system component, designing the layout of two Solar PV mini-grid connected systems, implementation of the solar PV systems and a solar meteorological station for data collection for future development of the Ndop Rice Basin Energy ATLAS. To carry out the simulations, HOMER Pro has been proposed as the preferred modeling tool due to its comprehensive, flexible and robust nature of use.