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Open Africa Power 2019

Open Africa Power 2019

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Alumni

ALGERIA

NameHamani Kamal

Bio/Personal Statement: In September 2014 I graduated with Master Degree in Electrical Engineering at the Mouloud Mammeri University in Algeria. During this degree period I was in touch with materials as the electromagnetic modelling, the electric machines and drive design, the signal treatment, the applied math, especially the numerical method as the Finite Element Method, etc. Since October 2014 I have been a first stage researcher at the Electrical Engineering department of The Mouloud Mammeri University, where I am working on the electromagnetic modelling topic. My current work seeks to find correlation between environmental condition and electrical devices; it is based upon building electromagnetic models, by using a hybrid method, between numerical and semi-analytical approach.

Thanks to this experience I got skills in the physic modelling systems, the several research protocols, theoretical and experimental; this part of my professional pathway allows me getting great communication command in both French and English languages, good abilities in the data analysis and the capacity to work as a team or autonomously. Recently I have the chance to work as a consultant with an industrial cabinet, and then I find out about my new skills in the client relations, situation and condition analysis and the problem solving.


Title of Capstone Project: Power systems control using the Learning machine technique – Case of small rural village in Algeria

Abstract: The electricity transmission and distribution are important in the power sector as it is the production step; they allow the bringing of electricity to the end user. The electricity transmission and distribution are distinct by two methods. The fist and the oldest one is a linear grid figuration, where the energy flow is running in one sense from the electricity plane until the end user. But these last years a new electricity distribution way is rising, because of transformation occurred in the power grid configuration, due to the penetration of the grid with the renewable energies.  The second method to transit and to distribute electricity is the called smart grid, organized as an ecosystem. In the new power grid generation is not easy to define the upstream either the downstream, then the energy flow is not running in one direction. Such transformation demand new devices and tools. Due to the both energy consumption and associated building operation costs are increasing rapidly around the world, the need for flexible and cost-effective management of the energy used by buildings in a smart grid environment is increasing.

To answer the double challenge of reduce the carbon emission and keep the electricity available and accessible for all. We need to innovate in the production, transport, and distribution of electricity. In the Algeria case, two main issues must be addressed, the first goal is to launch an energy changeover; by passing gradually from the current production electricity mode rely on the fossil resources to renewable resources. The second aim will be the digitalization of the power grid, which can improve, the way with which the electricity is used, by consequence reduce the electricity consumption. Then the digitalization might be a manner to reduce the carbon emission. The challenge is well addressed and there are strategies and visions to solve it, due to the rarefaction of fossil energies resources, nevertheless the digitalization is not taken seriously under consideration in the in public policy. This paper deals with the method recommended driving Algeria from the current grid configuration to and smart grid technology.

As a pilot project we would work in a case of a rural village in the Mountainair region of Kabylie in Algeria. We consider the problem of minimizing the difference in the demand and the supply of power using microgrid. We setup a microgrid that provides electricity to a village. They have access to the batteries that can store renewable power and also the electrical lines from the main grid. During each time period, these microgrids need to take decision on the amount of renewable power to be used from the batteries as well as the amount of power needed from the main grid. In the first stage of our work, we will collect several kinds of data indispensable of our project. In the second time will build a grid model that helps us to predict the grid comportment. Finally we will explore how a computational approach to learning from interactions, called Machine Learning (ML) can be applied to control power systems. We describe some challenges in power system control and discuss how some of those challenges could be met by using these ML methods. The difficulties associated with their application to control power systems are described and discussed as well as strategies that can be adopted to overcome them.

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BURKINA FASO

NameSidnoma Nita Belemsobgo

Personal Statement: Miss Sidnoma Nita is currently a PhD student in law at the University of Lagos (Nigeria). Before her PhD studies she worked in public, private sectors but also NGOs. For almost 4 years, Nita has been heavily involved in her community's associative activities as volunteer but also as a journalist where she offered educational programs. She is currently a member of the Environmental Law Commission of Burkina-Faso, Member of the “Reseau de l’Afrique Francophone des Juristes de l’Environnement”, alumni of the Young African Leaders Initiative (YALI) etc. When Nita is free, she enjoys swimming, reading, and singing. 

Capstone Project TitleSOLAR BIKE: PEDALING FOR MORE LIGHT IN KOUPELA BURKINA FASO)

Abstract: "We will make electricity so cheap that only the rich will burn candles."

Thomas Edison’s prediction doesn’t come true. Not only does electricity access remain an acute issue in Burkina Faso almost two centuries, but in addition, the accelerated consumption of fossil fuels is leading to drastic consequences for humans and nature. To encourage greater access to renewable energy, the Government of Burkina Faso has been subsidizing energy programmes in the country (exemptions from customs duties and VAT on solar equipment) for a couple of years now. Nevertheless, a lot of work remains to be done as energy access in the rural areas remains very low.

Our project aims to make bicycle-mounted hybrid solar- and human-powered devices available to the residents of five (5) villages in the municipality of Koupéla. The idea leverages the fact that bicycles are widely used in rural areas as part of the local population’s daily life. This device will have dual functionality: powering the bicycle light and generating energy for domestic use (lighting of houses, children's study, etc.) via a storage system (battery).Our project is strongly committed towards environmental protection and the Sustainable Development Goals, especially the goals 7 and 13. It will support the five villages of our project in becoming "green villages".

Keynotes: Solar panels; clean energy; rural areas; Burkina Faso.

CAMEROON

NameAimee Chinda Lugarde

Bio/Personal Statement: A Cameroonian female, born on the 13/09/1987 and an ongoing PhD candidate at Saint Monica University Higher Institute Buea, Cameroon. She earned an MBA in Project Management by the same institution in June 2017 and a Master in International Human Rights Law by the University of Yaoundé 2 Soa Cameroon, in 2016.

A keen and enthusiastic person who has the ability to interpret, draft and negotiate legal documentation in a way which provides the highest quality of service to all. I equally have the ability to communicate in a professional manner and present legal, commercial and management issues clearly to lay people. My robust commercial outlook helps to solve legal issues practically and also an expert at advising on new areas of project initiation, planning and management. In addiction, I am an excellent team worker, flexible with a helpful attitude towards team mates. My meticulous and detailed approach to legal matters gives most of my clients’ maximum satisfaction. I possess enthusiasm, charisma, drive and a positive attitude required to withstand and be successful in the legal and management environment.

Title of Capstone ProjectDecentralized Options for Rural Energy Supply Based on Renewable Energy for Cameroon: Opportunities to Enhance Economic Productivity and Income While Improving the Sustainable Management of Natural Resources and Universal Energy Access for Cameroon

Abstract: The main energy source used in Cameroon is still biomass for cooking and heating purposes. The majority of Cameroonians still rely on biomass, which is abundant and to certain extends renewable and affordable. Electricity and gas are still very lowly used, mostly because of non-availability and non-accessibility, especially in the rural areas. (…)

In Cameroon for example the electricity access rate is only 48.7% and in rural Cameroon about 14 million people are still without access to modern energy services. Energy needs for the isolated rural communities relies mainly on firewood and charcoal. Uncontrolled use of such biomass causes deforestation which has its negative impacts at local (land degradation), regional (air, water and soil pollution) and global levels (greenhouse gas emissions, contributing to climate change).

In this context, decentralized options for a rural energy supply based on renewable energies will provide opportunities to enhance economic productivity and income in rural areas, while improving the sustainable management of natural resources.

This proposed project seeks to introduce and research on an innovative concept that aims at, decentralized options for a rural energy supply based on renewable energies that will provide opportunities to enhance economic productivity and income in rural areas, while improving the sustainable management of natural resources. The absence of a reliable grid and the huge existing demand on both household and productive-use levels of the rural settlements provides sufficient justification to consider this approach. Strong advantages which support this decentralized innovative model while improving the sustainable management of natural resources include the regulatory and financial ease that would accompany establishment of such a setup. This would also be coupled with the fact that solar panels will be installed at a rapid scale in this rural area and easy adaptation of the same to host PV arrays also presents itself as an advantage. 

NameMarilyn Bongmo Jaff

Bio/Personal Statement: I am 29 years old, a Rural Engineer by profession working for the Ministry of Water resources and Energy, Cameroon. My strong educational background which is a purely scientific and theoretical background and the practicality of engineering sciences (with particular study of Renewable Energy) are my driving force towards contributing to the attainment of SDG7 by 2030. I was privileged to be selected as one of the 60 participants of Open Africa Power 2019 by ENEL Foundation. My motto in life is “Do everything as if it was your last, for a better world”.

Title of Capstone ProjectElectrification and solar mapping of the NDOP rice basin: a new phase for the NDOP rice milling sector and the locales at large for an emerging Cameroon

Abstract: Electric power is a key driver of economic growth and prosperity, but this is still very low in SSA especially in the rural areas. Amongst the under-served localities in electricity in Cameroon are the villages of Bafanji, Balikumbat and Bangola (in the North West region), and Bangourain (in the West Region) which are high rice production hubs for both local consumption and export. Strengthening rural infrastructure such as electricity for rice milling and rice processing facilities could render Cameroon a rice granary for Central Africa.

With the already unbundled electricity generation sector in Cameroon, and with several private investors already implementing power generation projects in several parts of the country, implementing an off-grid model to serve the local population of the Ndop Rice Basin especially for the operation of their rice mills will be an uncomplicated task as the regulations governing this sector had been reformed (in 2011) to favor private investment in electricity generation and distribution.  Solar irradiation in Cameroon is estimated at an annual average of 4.9 KWh/m2/day, thus solar energy can be exploited as the reliable and affordable energy source to power the rice mills and serve other household and productive uses of the locales in the Ndop Rice Basin. Most of the milling machines used by rice millers have low power ratings mostly horse power (HP) from 20HP to 30HP, yet fully utilizing them is not possible due to power outages and high cost of electricity.

The research seeks to propose an alternative power supply to the local communities involved with rice production and processing, so as to render this productive-use activity more profitable for the people, and as well improve on their household and community power uses. It also proposes a means towards solar data collection to aid in the future development of a decision, working and sustainability tool (through the development of the Ndop Rice Basin Energy ATLAS) for all stakeholders of the energy sector in the project area and the country at large.

The methodology to be used will involve; desktop review and assessment of the solar radiation data available for the Ndop rice Basin, community sensitization and engagement, identification and assessment of the size of the fields to be used, selection of solar PV system component, designing the layout of two Solar PV mini-grid connected systems, implementation of the solar PV systems and a solar meteorological station for data collection for future development of the Ndop Rice Basin Energy ATLAS. To carry out the simulations, HOMER Pro has been proposed as the preferred modeling tool due to its comprehensive, flexible and robust nature of use.

ETHIOPIA

NameGeorgies Alene Asres

Bio/Personal Statement: I have a doctor of science (Technology) in Electrical Engineering major field in Electronics Materials and Devices from Oulu University, Finland. In my PhD study, I have worked on the synthesis of a novel tungsten disulfide (WS2) nanowire/nanoflake hybrid material using chemical vapor deposition techniques. I have extensively investigated the structural, electronic and optical properties of the WS2 using different materials characterization methods.  Fabricating semiconductor devices in a clean room laboratory was also part of my work.

My Master degree is in Functionalized Advanced Materials Engineering from Grenoble Institute of Technology (France) and Augsburg University (Germany). I also got a B.Sc degree in Applied Physics from Arba Minch University (Ethiopia). For my Master thesis I worked on ZnO nanowire synthesis and characterization for solar cell application. I have also some experience in computational materials modelling mainly by attending some international schools. I am currently an assistant professor at Addis Ababa Institute of Technology in department of Materials Engineering. I am very much interested in materials for clean energy sources especially in solar energy. I would like to continue my research on this field and I am working on that.

Title of Capstone ProjectPhotovoltaic (PV) solar energy powered reverse osmosis (RO) desalination system using lake Basaka in Welenchiti (Ethiopia)

Abstract: Water plays an important role in all our daily lives and its consumption is increasing day by day because of increased living standards of mankind. It has been estimated by United Nations Organization that by 2025, nearly 1.8 billion people around the globe will face severe water scarcity. In Ethiopian nearly 61 million lack access to safe water. Ethiopia has planned to achieve clean water supply coverage at rural, urban and national levels (85 %, 75% and, 83 %), respectively at the end of the second Growth and Transformation plan. In addition, increasing access to improved drinking water is one of the sustainable developmental goals (SDGs). To achieve the target, the Ethiopian Ministry is working hand in hand with donors, non-governmental organizations and communities.

Welenchiti is a city of more than 22,000 inhabitants, located in the Oromia region near lake Basaka, 117 km from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’s capital. Based on recent study 78.40% households in Welenchiti complain about scarcity of water and most of them get water piped from neighbourhood and the nearby villages has no access for clean water at all. The clean water demand for the communities in this region is high. The fresh water needs of the community can be satisfied if saline water available from lake Basaka converted to potable water through desalination process. This project seeks to contribute in providing sufficient safe drinking water, as well as irrigation water, to the people of Welenchiti City and the surrounding villages by using photovoltic (PV) powered reverse osmosis (RO) desalination plant.

Due to absence of a reliable grid in Welenchiti PV powered desalination is optimum and cost competitive even without considering its environmental friendliness. In addiction saline lake Basaka is expanding alarmingly and threatening the people living around. This project has also a potential to mitigate this impact by reducing the lake water. Regarding the access of renewable energy source (solar) for the project, the city is located in area where there is a high solar irradiation. If implemented, the project will be the first of its kind to deploy this promising PV powered desalination technology in Ethiopia. Because of its modularity of the PV technology and solar energy source availability that is evenly distributed in the country, this project has a potential to be implemented in other rural areas in Ethiopia.

 

NameRedae Fisseha Asfaw

Bio/Personal Statement: Redae Fisseha Asfaw was born in Adwa, Ethiopia. He graduated Chemical Engineering from Bahirdar University, Faculty of Engineering and started his career as a production supervisor at Almeda textiles in 2009. After 6 years working experience in Textile, Cement, tyre and sugar industries he also graduated Master of Business Administration (MBA) in 2016 from Samara University, Ethiopia.  Since then he worked in different leadership positions till the last post as production team leader position in Tendaho sugar factory. At the moment he is studying his Masters in Materials and production engineering at University of Trento, Italy.

Title of Capstone ProjectGrid connected solar electrification: for samara university afar, ethiopia

Abstract: Solar energy is clean, inexhaustible and environment-friendly potential resource among renewable energy options. But neither a standalone solar photovoltaic system nor a wind energy system can provide a continuous supply of energy in such a remote areas due to seasonal and periodic variations. Therefore, in order to satisfy the load demand, grid connected energy systems are now being proposed for the university that combine solar and conventional conversion units, to solve the serious problems happening right now resulting students and instructors to withdraw due to the heavy temperature for which without light and proper ventilation is hard to live.

Since the University’s community is highly affected by the power interruptions due to the heavy windstorms and unusual high atmospheric temperatures throughout the year, for which without continuous power source is hard to exist as a community member. So, this project is dedicated to propose a plan for a grid connected solar installation for University of Samara, located at the regional state capital. The installation will be made on the already existing dormitory buildings and offices as required. This will be a great place for a solar array because the panels can be installed in the building without the need for another additional site. Based on solar exposure, the city is located in one of the hottest places on earth, which is a potential area for solar energy. Considering the financial intensiveness of the project, there will be a number of incentives and other options included from the government to help persuade the University into adopting a solar project.

 

NameTigabu Atalo

Bio/Personal Statement: Holds an MBA specializing in Business Leadership and BSc. Degree in Electrical Engineering; An Energy and Power Infrastructure Practionner; Experienced Projects Manager; Channel Service and Customer Support Manager.

Title of Capstone ProjectResearch Proposal on Financing and Business Model impact. Assessment on Ethiopia’s National Electrification program

Abstract: There are compelling reasons for Ethiopia to reform its electricity sector sooner than later including for social, economic and environmental imperatives. Accelerating the rate of access to electricity, adding more capacity from diversified electricity supply sources and spearheading the path towards sector liberalization are the recent developments that the country aspires to achieve and enable and sustain its development agenda.

Ethiopia remains one of the primary examples of having the lowest level of electricity access coverage (44% as of March 2019) and per capita energy consumption (<100kwh) in the world although it has made commendable progress in all dimensions over the years with a public sector lead investment reaching its limit midway to the access goals of the country. Consequently, new models of project financing such as PPPs, IPPs and end user financing options that engage the private sector are becoming eminent albeit a low base demanding further clarity and maturity.

To add knowledge to the existing industry perspectives and establish a clearer understanding of the trends in the project financing schemes, this research proposal wishes to make a comprehensive screening of the available financing sources, instruments and business models; assess the viability of financial restructuring of projects to enhance project bankability; and identify the real and perceived financing barriers and risks specific to the country’s context that deter investment in the electricity sector.

The proposal also intends to explore the overall sector reform progress keeping the financing regime a real focus area, analyse the adjusted electricity tariff, estimate the current and projected cost of proving electricity, build scenario based (with a mix of assumptions of the different access pathways and combinations of financing instruments) financial business models to estimate the costs of investments and the gap in the investment financing need to reach the required access goals.

The industry’s perspective is that Ethiopia could do better if the country leverages public and concessional resources to mobilize private financing and address the barriers and the risks by the available instruments instead of paying the underlying costs directly. Part of this proposal will question these industry perspectives through targeted interviews and supplement the outcomes from the alternative business models, investigate the sector’s level of readiness for private sector engagement and assess the overall financing and business model impacts and develops matrices of mechanisms that could help effectively address them. The list of instruments to be covered includes grants, equities, debts, guarantees, insurances, results-based and carbon financing schemes, and the study will be conducted in phases. 

 

NameMehari Andualem Ayele

Bio/Personal Statement: I graduated from Arbaminch University in Electrical Engineering in 2010. I have been working since then. My first career was assistant lecturer which I became a lecturer for Jimma University Institute of Technology. I have gained different communication skills with students as well as teachers during this period. Then after I was working with Huawei Technology Ethiopia plc and ZTE (H.K) Limited Ethiopian Branch which are both International Chinese companies. It gave me an exposure of working with tough conditions and working with efficient time utilization cultures.  Ethiopia Energy Authority is my employer right now and I am working as Energy Research and Study Team Leader responsible for managing the study of renewable energy sources, working on energy efficiencies of locally manufactured electric appliances and name plate standardization, working on off-grid, mini-grid solar PV systems and regulations and the likes.

Title of Capstone Project: Proposal for Amendment of Development Policy for settlement (urbanization) of pastoralists in Ethiopia Using Off-grid solar PV systems, Afar region: case study for Gewane district

Abstract: Ethiopia has abundant renewable energy resources and has the potential to generate over 60,000megawatts (MW) of electric power from hydroelectric, wind, solar and geothermal sources.

Despite Ethiopia’s huge energy potential, the country is experiencing energy shortages as it struggles to serve a population of over 100 million people and meet growing electricity demand which is forecast to grow by approximately 10 -14 % per year till 2037.

Today only 30 % of the population have access to electricity grid. This share is increasing due to an extension of the national grid on the one hand, and an increasing number of Stand-alone-systems and Mini-grids on the other hand.

Among the total population 80% of the people lives in rural areas and by which 90% of it has not access to electricity.

Even though government is taking different actions to enhance electric access capability of its citizen by establishing Universal Electric access programs (UEAP), building hydropower stations, Geothermal sites, wind stations and solar home systems (SHS), it doesn’t consider the 12 million pastoralists on its energy access plans.

Despite the fact that pastoralists in Ethiopia play a vital role on the country’s economy by supplying livestocks for export and domestic utilization, they have been economically, socially, and politically marginalized and given inadequate attention by policy makers in the past. Especially considering energy policy, they have been excluded. The government, NGOs and the World Bank have been trying to change the lives of the pastoralists using short term and long term policies, but still their lives are full of challenges and periodic deadly droughts have attacked the People and livestocks. The 2002 drought is one as an example.

This paper proposes an amendment of the pastoralist development policy towards a small scale irrigation implementation and long term settlement through off-grid solar PV construction with diesel generator as a backup. It takes Gewane district as site of case study, which is found 403km from the capital Addis Ababa. Despite the implementation of the development policies in this district, for the past consecutive 10 years, the district has been affected by drought.

Now an attention has to be given to include energy as life changing scheme for the community and the implementation of off-grid solar PV systems changes the life of the community by bringing communities together building small scale irrigation, producing cash crops and water conservation schemes as well as initiating disaster risk mechanisms.

The energy scheme also facilitates access to crucial social services such as education, health care

and water supply to the communities by constructing key infrastructure such as safe water sources, animal health posts, local clinics and schools in the district.

NameAbeselom Ayeligne Bogale

Bio/Personal Statement: An academic background in the fields of Engineering and Commerce, which possess a working knowledge of mechanical, electrical, electronic, automation, control systems and technology management. With many years of experience in the Automotive, Electro-mechanical and Renewable energy industries. A proven track record of success and progression in my field from which I have developed and matured numerous skills including project management, problem solving, team work, communication, leadership as well as management of safety at a workplace.

Current I am working as a coordinator in the energy sector, which is mostly about electrical power production and management, in particular renewable and sustainable energies. It involves production of smart energy meters; operation and maintenance of renewable energy installations; participation in supply of gas and steam turbines for energy and industrial applications. I am always looking for and excited about new challenges to be proven they are attainable.

Title of Capstone ProjectSolar PV Mini Grids to Power Reliable Water Supply in Addis Ababa

Abstract: The Akaki borehole farm comprises of 70 deep water wells producing approximately 50% of Addis Ababa City’s water consumption. Currently the Akaki borehole farm relies on the grid operated by the monopoly Ethiopian Electric Utility backed-up by diesel generators. The unreliable electricity disrupts the water supply to the City substantially and imposes a significant dependence on diesel fired generators which in turn causes adverse environmental and financial cost.  Hence there is sufficient reason for introducing alternate renewable energy sources to power the borehole farm, its treatment plant and the pumping stations. Addis Ababa City enjoys a high solar radiation potential and makes a solar PV plant a suitable supplement to the existing grid power supply.

NameGudata Abara Chali

Bio/Personal Statement: Currently, I am working in Wollega University as Assistant professor and researcher. I hold a B.A. degree in Accounting from Haramaya University and an MBA from Arbaminch University. After finishing my master degree I am serving in higher education and have done problem solving research and provided training community services to solve societal problems especially in business related issues. I have also served as Head of Department of Accounting and Finance, Research and Community services Coordinator and Research Director positions. I have published seven scientific research papers in reputable journals and papers focus on the business, finance, credit, women empowerment, marketing strategies, costing systems, etc. I am interested to conduct a research on the investment, finance, banking, management in public or private sectors.

Title of Capstone Project: Finance as Success or Failure of Rural Electrification (The case of selected Rural Weredas in Eastern Wellega, Oromia, Ethiopia)

Abstract: Electricity is the mainstay that gears the development activities leading to improvement in quality of life. Access to electricity can bring many positive impacts including poverty alleviation and improved child education. However, rural areas of the developing countries lack proper infrastructure. The households as well as other establishments are sparsely settled that makes the extension of grid network to connect those areas are not economically viable. Rural electrification in developing countries is always expensive, requiring a high capital investment accompanied by in-depth programme planning, the purchase and transportation of the equipment and system supplies, and the procurement or development of expertise to install, operate, and maintain the systems. In addition to the up-front capital and planning costs, decentralized electrical systems, including solar home systems and other photovoltaic (PV) and renewable energy technologies are usually expensive relative to the average individual income in developing countries. Nearly all of the about 80% of Ethiopians living in rural areas have no access to electricity. Highly economic solar systems, available to rural population, generate additional purchasing power and open new financial capabilities for sustainable rural development. A lack of funds or late/badly-timed disbursement of funds in rural electrification efforts has frequently led to half-finished or low-quality components prone to breakdown. This is partly explained by the fact that off-grid solutions in developing countries often have to involve small companies that are prepared to serve small rural markets; evidently, the lower the average firm size, the more easily it gets into financial difficulties and the less the likelihood of it having access to private funding at favourable terms. Financial capacity building is in order here, as are (in selected cases) custom-tailored subsidy programs for such firms. In particular, low-interest loans are useful in securing investment in rural power projects.

Moreover, responding to users’ capacity and willingness to pay is essential. High costs of electrification will otherwise serve as an excuse not to provide service. 

 

NameKibrom Tadesse Ejigu

Bio/Personal Statement: I graduated from Adama science and technology university (ASTU) with a BSc in Computer Science and Information Systems. Afterwards, I graduated with an MSc in Information Systems from Addis Ababa University (AAU). Currently, I am a PhD student at AAU Information Technology doctoral program also a lecturer at ASTU.

Title of Capstone ProjectThe genesis of power sector reform and Privatizations in Ethiopia

Abstract: The power sector in Ethiopia is dominated by a regulated monopoly, the Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation (EEPCo), which serves all end-users: households, government agencies, farms, and commercial and industrial firms which was established in 1956. As a monopoly, EEPCo operates under various forms of regulatory control. Therefore, the country is living with serious power sector problems such as very weak linkage of the sector with the local industries, relatively higher electricity prices except for few jurisdiction , relatively high energy loss, and low end use energy productivity compared with other economies outside of our region, high cost of project financing , inadequate investment from within or outside the economics of these countries, wide supply and demand gap, low service quality limited role of local and international private sector etc. In the other side over the years we have witnessed high increase in annual demand for power; in excess of 600 MW per year (or an average of 25% demand growth). So much demand progression obviously demands corresponding capacity additions in almost all the value chains of the sector and this will not be possible without the participation of the private sector. Hence, the goal of this project is to develop a realistic privatization Implementation Plan that outlines the most viable long-term structure for Ethiopia’s Power sector.

NameFikremariam Beyene Fanta

Bio/Personal Statement: Mr. Fanta is currently working as a project manager at SILMA Electro-Mechanical Eng. He holds BSc in Electrical Engineering from Jimma University, Ethiopia and MSc in Electrical Power Engineering from Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia. In 2009, he joined Arbaminch University as an Assistant Lecturer where he taught courses such as Electrical Machines and Energy Conversion, Power System I and II (2009-2013). He worked at Huawei Technology as a Technical Manager for six months and promoted to Project Managerial position where he accomplished multiple projects in Somali, SSWR swap and New Site (2014-2016). He worked at Ericsson as Power Engineer in SR (South Region) and SWR (South West region) Telecom expansion project (2016-2018).

Title of Capstone ProjectElectricity from Ethio-Telecom Sites (Off grid Telecom sites around Somali region, Ethiopia)

Abstract: For millions of people living in remote rural areas of Ethiopia who lack access to the main grid or cannot afford electricity, solar energy represents an important first step on energy access. Instead of relying on kerosene, candle, dry cell batteries and other fossil fuel-based sources of power, People can turn to off-grid solar power to light up their homes, watch television and charge their phones.  In Somali region, 80% people living in rural areas have no access to electricity but they have network converge. Over the last four years, Ethio-Telecom expansion project across the country increased and in rural area power supply system for the Telecom site is entirely. When Telecom site location near to the community we can share the surplus power produced from site without telecom interruption.  At the day time from 10 am to 3 pm when the solar radiation peak the telecom solar power supply produces surplus power. This benefits the nearby communities without buy solar panels and also without additional cost for solar installation. The only investment would be development is load regulator and DC/AC inverter. Therefore, this paper aims to design and develop power sharing from Telecom sites which used for community benefit like mobile charging station, solar water pump with charger controller and batteries with minimum costs.

NameHanna Mekuria Fissha

Bio/Personal Statement: As an Ethiopian and a graduate from Addis Ababa university – Institute of Technology, with an B.Sc. degree in Software engineering, I held several work experiences within leading organizations, including Orchid Business Group plc. These opportunities enabled me to gain experience in the field and learn how to serve up valuable contributions in a fast-paced, professional environment. 

I am passionate about IoT, new immersive technologies and renewable energies and have an innate ability to understand my company’s and country’s needs. Providing better environment and creating a platform for knowledge sharing have my top priority. I have worked as a programmer, Network Engineer and Account manager for the past 3 years.

Title of Capstone ProjectSolar PV Mini Grids to Power Reliable Water Supply in Addis Ababa

Abstract: Ethiopia possesses plentiful water resources but supplying clean drinking water to the population has always been a daunting task. The country has come a long way from using traditional untreated sources of water like springs, rivers and Lakes to modern, and to a comparatively complex, water supply systems relying on dams, borehole wells, treatment plants and pumping stations. The modernized water supply system is hygienic, available on demand and convenient and is largely made possible by access to electricity. On the other hand, the complexity and reliance on electricity creates vulnerabilities.

The Akaki borehole farm comprises 70 deep water wells producing 200,000 m³ per day which amounts to approximately 50% of Addis Ababa City’s daily water consumption. The importance of the borehole farm and its optimum operation is therefore vital to the City’s social and economic life. Currently the Akaki borehole farm relies on the grid operated by the monopoly Ethiopian Electric Utility backed-up by diesel generators. Frequent grid power outages cause a variation in the water flow rate which could lead to dry pumping and cause significant damage to the pump motors. Moreover, the unreliable electricity disrupts the water supply to the City and imposes a significant dependence on diesel fired generators which in turn causes adverse environmental and financial cost. Hence there is sufficient reason for introducing alternate renewable energy sources to power the borehole farm, its treatment plant and the pumping stations.

Addis Ababa City enjoys a high solar radiation potential and makes a solar PV plant a suitable
supplement to the existing grid power supply. To be able to provide such a capacity, the Project would need a detailed technical, engineering and financial study. The major questions that need to be answered are the subject of this capstone project.

If such a project is implemented by an independent power producer under a long-term supply agreement, it would have numerous benefits including a more reliable water supply and a reduced financial burden to the water authority. As well, the effort may lead to the first project in Ethiopia to deliver privately generated electricity to a large single client, single premises client. The experience gained may very well pave the way for similar projects addressed to industrial, mining and academic clients.

NameShewit Tsegaye Gebreslassie

Bio/Personal Statement: Shewit Tsegaye received Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) degree from Ethiopian institute of technology-Mekelle (EiT-M) in Electrical and Computer Engineering in 2013 and Master of Science degree in electrical power engineering from Jimma institute of technology in 2016. He is currently a PhD scholar of power systems engineering at the Addis Ababa University and ENEL foundation/Open Africa power 2019 fellow. His research interests are integrated renewable energy systems, Artificial intelligence based optimization of power systems and Power system economics.

Title of Capstone ProjectElectricity from ERTA’ALE’S Magma: A Roadmap to complete transition of Thermal Power Plants

Abstract: Renewable power generation can help countries meet their sustainable development goals through provision of access to clean, secure, reliable and affordable energy.  Intensive studies are being conducted on how to harness electrical energy from renewable sources such as municipal waste, active volcano’s magma and carbon tube technologies.

The aim of this paper is therefore, to study, model and simulate magma-powered power plant which uses the temperature of magma from active volcanoes to produce artificial steam reservoir. The power plant will be modelled using actual parameters of active volcanoes’ magma from ERTA’ALE, Ethiopia, based on mature and proven technology.

To develop a thermodynamic cycle model with in a computer-aided thermodynamic simulation software in Mat lab/Simulink, a toolbox called thermolib library will be utilized. Detail design and model of components adopted from thermal power plants will be carried out. According to the results of the analysis and simulations from thermolib library, thermodynamic mass and energy flow of the resource is expected to be balanced to give an output of 150 MW gross electrical power from a single unit.

ERTA ALE volcano, 613m above sea level, is a shield volcano located at 13.6 degrees north and 40.66 degrees east in Danakil depression, Ethiopia. It is famed for its persistent lava lake which has been active during most of the past decades since it was first discovered in the 1960s. It’s apparent temperature ranges from 700 and 1070°C, and of its corresponding crust between 300 and 500°C. Radiant power output of the lake varied between 45 and 76 MW according to the superficial activity and continuous resurfacing of the lake.

This resource can be used to harness clean and reliable energy. The general Idea of this proposal is to exploit magma’s temperature instead of oil or geothermal source. Unlike geothermal source Magma thermal source is not limited.  And being renewable is the advantage of magma over oil.

According to the most recent Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS) Survey, only 9 % of people living in Ethiopian rural areas have access to electricity. Erta ale is in Afar regional state and the rural areas of Afar are only 9% electrified. This project is intended to fill this gap.

NameKeno Shiferaw Gudeta

Biography: With 10 years’ professional experience spanning the construction and commissioning of various distribution lines, substations and transmission lines, Keno Shiferaw is no stranger to electrons.

He has worked for different international construction and consulting firms from Italy, Turkey, South Korea and USA, in addition to a local company.

In his current role as an Engineering and Project Feasibility Specialist at NRECA International, he led a team of 12 engineers for geo-referencing distribution networks of the country, on which the recently launched National Electrification Program, NEP 2.0 is based.

He had also been involved as an electrical engineer in the construction and commissioning of different substations in the Ethio-Djibouti Power Interconnection Project, which is one of the first projects of the Eastern Africa Power Pool (EAPP).

He can be reached at keno.shiferaw@gmail.com

Title of Capstone Project: The Two-edged Sword: A better approach to providing electricity and clean drinking water for off-grid communities in one go

Abstract of Capstone Project: Ethiopia is a country of 105 million people, 85 per cent of whom live in rural areas. It has a vast territory of about 1.13 million square kilometer. Geographically, it is located near the equator the furthest tip of the country being just 150 north of the equator. Most parts of the country get a yearly average of 2,000 kilowatt-hours per square meter of solar irradiance.

The country is also endowed with vast water resources. There are 12 major river basins with combined annual run off of about 124 billion cubic meters. And there is also a significant ground water potential dispersed throughout its territory.

Despite these staggering figures, the proportion of the population with access to electricity and safe drinking water stands at 44% and 54%, respectively.

There could be various reasons for such a stark contrast between potential capacity and actual implementation. Lack of cross-sectorial approach could be one of them. There are places with access to electricity, but not to clean drinking water, and vice versa.

This project addresses the issues of lack of access to electricity and water at the same time. A remote rural area, far from the reach of national grid, with abundant solar resource, and shallow ground water potential will be considered.  Within that specific area, there are villages with access to clean drinking water using solar-powered pumps. The same villages however, do not have access to electricity. There is one village, the lucky one, with access to both electricity and clean drinking water. The electricity is powered by a diesel generator that runs for 8 hours a day, while water is pumped by solar-powered pump. Yet there are others which are not lucky enough to have any of these two basic necessities.

These all are within few distance apart, in the same second-to-lowest administrative unit of the country.

It is the aim of this project then to clearly depict how lack, or may be poor, coordination between water and electricity service providers affected the residents, show how to correct that, and mainly point the way forward towards access to both for the rest of the villages in the area.