Enel Foundation, in collaboration with Carlo Ratti Associati and Enel X, carried out a study on urban land planning and management from a smart city perspective, with particular reference to digital platforms, urban planning, mobility services and territorial resilience.
In particular, the study has analysed:
- digital platforms for the analysis, visualization and coordination of city transport, from collective to individual transport;
- Internet of Things related to mobility and urban furniture supporting it;
- the impact of technologies on the resilience of the metropolitan territory,
- the case of the Genoese metropolitan area with respect to the previous points, focusing on existing mobility services (public transport, existing car sharing services and mobility infrastructure).
The output of the research is summarized in a white paper presenting a general framework on the theme of the Italian city of the future. In particular, it focuses on issues such as new mobility services, the well-being of citizens, resilience and, in a cross-sectoral way, the field of data governance.
The smart city of the future is described from the final user's point of view, being aware of the fact that citizens’ engagement in urban decision-making processes is crucial in order to design harmonious and sustainable cities.
The metropolitan area of Genoa is the case study to put into practice the vision and definition of an intelligent, resilient and circular city using proper innovations. A city model was developed to be applied to real cases, combining a quantitative process of context analysis and evaluation of the potential of the selected innovations with the vision developed by the Senseable City Lab of the MIT.
The method outlines the main features of the city of Genoa, using data analysis concerning territory, environment, demography, mobility, urban services and economic activities. This first analysis offers key information for the selection of the most relevant innovations for the city and it highlights critical issues and opportunities. Moreover, the demographic analysis helps to understand the different categories of users and stakeholders, the makers of the Genoa of the future.
The method includes a parametric assessment of the costs, economic potential, maturity and feasibility of the selected innovations. The result is a summary report, available in Italian, that gives an overall view of the impact of these innovations.
The work ends with an open window on the Genoa of the future, through a description of some scenarios of daily life of citizens who benefit from the deployments of new services and technologies and, especially, of the resilient and circular policies examined in the white paper.